DI Medical Research

Welcome to Defend International (DI) Medical Research in Norway!

DI Medical Research is part of Defend International, which is devoted to defending human rights and conducting medical research. Since its establishment, DI has prioritised the promotion of health through the development of a strategy by which to demonstrate the interconnected nature of health worldwide, urging healthcare providers and policy makers to take an evidence-based approach to disease control to alleviate suffering and achieve long-term change in the lives of targeted populations. As a health-related NGO, we are exploring research opportunities that combine our experiences as an inter-professional team of researchers who focus on epidemiology, preventive medicine, and global health.

Our vision was inspired by:

  • The WHO’s definition of Health as a “state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (The International Health Conference, 1946); and
  • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, which states specifically in Article 25 that “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control” (The United Nations, 1948).

It must be noted here that the UDHR and the subsequent international covenants (e.g., the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women) contain articles relevant to physical and mental health and wellness issues.

Although NGOs have always been involved in humanitarian (and health) emergencies in different ways, the connection between public health ethics and international health is a new emerging field of human rights in today’s increasingly interconnected world. DI believes that there are many ways through which individuals can serve humanity. Our members have a history of working with victims of excessive use of force and are playing a significant role in documenting torture and degrading treatment around the globe, thereby offering in-depth analyses of the health consequences of grave human rights violations, not only for victims, but also for societies and nations. In addition, DI medical researchers are investigating various avenues that would, either directly or indirectly, ensure the highest possible standard of health for all people.

DI Medical Research has established the Sections of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine because we believe that epidemiology has been and will continue to be the best available approach to study the etiology of diseases and provide the evidence needed to inform the effectiveness of the clinical practice and community-based health promotion strategies, as well as health policy decisions.



The International Health Conference (1946). Constitution of the World Health Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/governance/eb/who_constitution_en.pdf

The United Nations (1948). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Retrieved from: http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/

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